Menopause

Moore (2015), defined menopause as the age-dependent permanent cessation of menstruation and ovulation due to ovarian failure. The stage of life where symptoms may occur during the years around the last menstrual period is more accurate called perimenopause. Both perimenopause and menopause are natural life passages, not diseases.  

Menopause the termination of fertility in women, has long been associated with a confusing array of symptoms hot flashes, memory loss, nervousness, vaginal dryness, night sweats and inhibited sexual desire currently, headline an ever-changing set of complaints (Dykes at el, 2011). Throughout the history most women have survived with their symptoms.

Menopause is very politicised and controversial (Guillemin, 1999). Some argue that menopause is a disease of inadequate hormones that need treatment, while others claim it is a natural biological process that should remain protected from the course of medicalisation (Brockie, 2005).

In other words, most women fought menopausal discomforts without calling out on administrations of medicine (Brockie, 2005), but in the last 100 years or so physicians have increasingly enticed menopausal women as patients (Perls, at el, 2001). Women in turn have sought medical care as a result over the course of the 20th century, menopause has therefore become medicalised (Perls, at el, 2001).

Guillemin (1999) a feminist in the Academy have descrbed this medicalisation of menopause, claiming that physicians and drug companies have worked in tandem to transform menopause from a natural biological process into a pathological condition (Guillemin, 1999). Indeed, for many women reaching menopause near the turn of the millennium, menopause has become associated with doctor’s visits and prescription drugs in ways unforeseen by their grandmothers or at least their least grandmother’s (Guillemin, 1999).   

Remarkably, this increased medical involvement has assuredly relieved a variety of symptoms but, it has also exposed women to health risks, the extent of which remain unknown ( Murtagh and Hepworth, 2005). Although, menopause has undeniably come under increased medical scrutiny, and intervention the generally generalised the critique of medicalisation fails to adequately illuminate the process through which menopause become medicalised (Murtagh and Hepworth, 2005). 

However, by the late 1890s physicians began to take menopause more seriously as a worthy subject of study (Gullette, 1995; Laven at el, 2016). In addition, to starring in medicine and the journal articles, menopause began to appear regularly in national and local medical journal (Gullette, 1995). The medical attention was far from a torrent indeed, a common theme in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries boned the continuing neglect of menopause paradoxically (Gullette, 1995). 

When menopause began to attract medical attention, it seemed robbed of its medical significance so by the end of the 19th century menopause was no longer talked about as two Rubicon (Hunt, 2016). Instead the medical literature described it as an important milestone in a women’s life but denied that it was fraught with danger so, most physicians in the early 20th century encouraged menopausal women to seek medical attention but they explicitly denied that women needed medical treatment at menopause (Hunt, 2016).

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